Multiple indicators are planned to grow by more than 30%
The reporter noted that the "Planning" is expected throughout the "twelfth five-year" period, China's passenger and freight transport demand will continue to grow steadily, a number of transport indicators are above 30% growth rate.
It is predicted that by the end of the â€œTwelfth Five-Year Planâ€, Chinaâ€™s passenger traffic will be 44 billion people, with a five-year growth rate of 34.3%; passenger traffic volume will be 3,830 billion people-km, an increase rate of 37.9%; and freight volume will be 42 billion tons, an increase. The rate was 31.0%; the freight turnover was 1.8 trillion tons kilometers, an increase of 31.5%; the coastal port cargo throughput was 7.8 billion tons, an increase of 31.9%; the container throughput was 185 million TEUs, an increase of 37.0%.
Based on the above predictions, the "Plan" proposes the construction goals of the entire transportation infrastructure: By the end of 2015, the national rapid railway network and the national highway network will be basically completed, and the Bohai Rim, the Yangtze River Delta, the southeast coast, the Pearl River Delta, and the southwest coastal ports will be perfected. Group layout, accelerate the construction of inland waterway network, civil airports, oil and gas pipelines and urban transport facilities, promote the development of integrated transport hubs, and form an integrated transport network with â€œfive vertical and five horizontalâ€ as the main skeleton, with a total mileage of 4.89 million kilometers.
In addition, the "Planning" also proposes that by 2015, the number of deep-water berths in coastal ports will reach 2,214, with a five-year growth rate of 24.8%; the number of civilian transport airports will be 220, and the five-year growth rate will reach 25.7%. These two infrastructure growth rates are also Very high.
The "Plan" has set a new goal for the transportation service industry: By 2015, China's rapid rail transport services will basically cover more than 500,000 population cities, highway transportation services will basically cover more than 200,000 population cities, and secondary road transport services will basically cover the county seats. Rural road transport services basically cover the villages, and about 80% of the population and county-level administrative units can enjoy aviation services within 100 kilometers of ground transportation or about 1.5 hours by car. In addition, a convenient, safe, and efficient transfer and transportation service environment has basically taken shape, and breakthroughs have been made in the application of the Internet of Things technology.
Basically completed national rapid rail network
"Planning" proposes that by 2015 China's express railway business mileage will reach 45,000 kilometers, with a five-year growth rate of 438.4%. This shows that railway construction in the next five years will still be the highlight of Chinaâ€™s transportation system. Not long ago, Minister of Railways Sheng Guangzu stated that when arranging construction of the â€œTwelfth Five-Year Planâ€ railway, it will arrange infrastructure investment to reach 2.8 trillion yuan, and the total scale of the new line will be controlled within 30,000 kilometers, and the national double-track rate and electrification by 2015 The rates reached 50% and 60% respectively.
According to the â€œPlanâ€, the â€œTwelfth Five-Year Planâ€ for Chinaâ€™s railway construction will be completed through Beijing to Harbin (Dalian), Beijing to Shanghai, Shanghai to Shenzhen, Beijing to Shenzhen, Qingdao to Taiyuan, Xuzhou to Lanzhou, Shanghai to Chengdu, and Shanghai to Kunming and other "four vertical and four horizontal" passenger line.
At the same time, we will build auxiliary lines and extension lines for passenger lines from Hohhot, Zhangjiakou to Xiâ€™an to Chengdu, Chengdu to Guiyang to Guangzhou, Hefei to Fuzhou, Nanjing to Hangzhou, Hefei to Handan, Jilin to Hunchun, Shenyang to Dandong, and Harbin to Jiamusi. And connecting lines, expanding the coverage of rapid passenger transport, and operating 45,000 kilometers of express railways, linking cities across the country's capital cities and basically covering more than 500,000 population cities.
Moreover, on this basis, we will speed up the expansion and reconstruction of existing trunk lines and the construction of new lines, and form a railway network covering more than 200,000 population cities in the country with a mileage of more than 120,000 kilometers (including fast rail network miles).
During the "Twelfth Five-Year Plan" period, another highlight of China's railway construction was freight transportation, especially the strong promotion of coal resources transportation corridors.
The "Planning" proposes that we must build a new second-lane line in Lanzhou, timely renovate existing lines, strengthen the construction of new lines, and meet the needs of Xinjiang's coal fortune transportation. The western coal-to-east transport passage from Mengxi area to Jingtang port Caofeidian port area, Jinzhongnan area to Shandong coastal port will be constructed. Planning and construction of energy bases such as Mengxi to the north of the new coal-to-sand transport network in Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi and other central regions. To optimize and improve the coal transportation system, the coal transportation channel capacity will reach approximately 3 billion tons/year.
A coal expert told reporters that the national coal production and sales volume was about 3.2 billion tons last year, of which railway transportation was about 2 billion tons, and the total amount of railway transportation configuration was only 900 million tons, if the coal transportation channel capacity reached about 3 billion Ton/year means that the â€œTwelfth Five-year Planâ€ will effectively alleviate the â€œcoal shortageâ€ and â€œelectricity shortageâ€ in some provinces caused by poor transport.
It is worth mentioning that for the transportation of bulk commodities such as coal, the â€œPlanningâ€ places great importance on the construction of port water transport, and proposes to improve the transportation systems of coal, imported crude oil, iron ore, and containers, and other major cargoes, and to build public coal in East and South China. Transfer to the base.
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